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Syria

COUNTRY GUIDE

Discover the world as an LGBTQIA+ traveller
SYRIA
(pronounced - si-ree-uh | ˈsɪrɪə)
OFFICIAL NAME: Syrian Arab Republic
DEMONYMS: Syrian, Asian
Syria is part of the Western Asia region in the continent of Asia. The name Syria is believed to have derived from the Greek word Suria and the ancient Assyrian empire. It is in the Northern hemisphere and is 185.2 thousand square kilometres in size. The primary languages spoken are Arabic, French and English; the capital city is Damascus and the main currency used is the Syrian Pound.
LGBTQIA+ Equality Index
Low
LGBTQIA+ Dollar
c.245.4 million
LGBTQIA+ Population
c.538.0 thousand
ALLOW SAME-SEX MARRIAGES
No
RECOGNISE GENDER CHANGE
Yes
BANNING GAY CONVERSION THERAPY
No

Geography

Interactive Map Icons - Geo (Capital) - Light (200px)

CAPITAL

Damascus

Interactive Map Icons - Geo (Region) - Light (200px)

REGION

Western Asia

Interactive Map Icons - Geo (Continent) - Light (200px)

CONTINENT

Asia

Interactive Map Icons - Geo (Hemisphere) - Light (200px)

HEMISPHERE

Northern

Interactive Map Icons - Geo (Area) - Light (200px)

AREA

185180

(square kilometers)

Interactive Map Icons - Geo (Oceans) - Light (200px)

SURROUNDING OCEAN(S)

Atlantic Ocean

Region Image

Name in other languages

learn the literal translations of the country’s name in twelve of the most popular languages
English Flag
English
Syria
Mandarin Flag
Mandarin
叙利亚
Dutch Flag
Dutch
Syrië
Spanish Flag
Spanish
Siria
Arabic Flag
Arabic
سوريا
Portuguese Flag
Portuguese
Síria
French Flag
French
Syrie
Hebrew Flag
Hebrew
סוריה
Russian Flag
Russian
Сирия
German Flag
German
Syrien
Hindi Flag
Hindi
सीरिया
Japanese Flag
Japanese
シリア

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NOTIFICATIONS

LAST UPDATED:  October 11, 2022
×  HIGH RISK  | LGBTQIA+ travel discretion is advised. It is illegal to identify as LGBTQIA+ or engage in same-sex relationships. The country has laws in place whereby you could be prosecuted, and the maximum penalty could be up to life imprisonment...read more

Latest

| STATUS

  • LGBTQIA+ travel discretion is advised. It is illegal to identify as LGBTQIA+ or engage in same-sex relationships. The country has laws in place whereby you could be prosecuted, and the maximum penalty could be up to life imprisonment
  • IMPORTANT | It is advised that you consult your country's foreign or overseas department before you travel due to an ongoing war which directly affects this country. Your government's ministry will provide guidance as to whether it is safe to travel to this country (or to parts of it)
WHO Covid19 Update Service
DISCOVER THE LATEST COVID-19 INFORMATION. LEARN MORE ABOUT THE CURRENT SITUATION, FROM NEW TO CONFIRMED CASES



Government

| INFORMATION

Interactive Map Icons - Foreign Office (200px)
SYRIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND EXPATRIATES
وزارة الخارجية والمغتربين
The foreign office or ministry is typically a department within a government that focuses on promoting that particular country and what it represents worldwide. The department will often highlight national security, travel restrictions, visa requirements and all relevant foreign policies
Interactive Map Icons - Medical Body (200px)
SYRIA
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
وزارة الصحة
The health office or ministry is typically a department or organisation within a government that focuses on all things relating to health. The department will often highlight travel restrictions, vaccination requirements, pandemics, outbreaks, and relevant health-related information
Interactive Map - Greetings

  USEFUL PHRASES | GREETINGS

Common phrases and terms in the local language(s)
Gayther Useful Phrases – Greetings (500px)
GREETINGS
تحية [tahia] | salutation | greeting | silav
HI
مرحبا [marhabaan] | salut | hi | merheba
HOW ARE YOU?
كيف حالك؟ [kayf halk?] | comment allez-vous? | how are you? | tu çawa yî?
GOOD MORNING
صباح الخير [sabah alkhyr] | bonjour | good morning | beyanî baş
I'M GOOD, AND YOU?
انا بخير وأنت؟ ['iinaa bikhayr wa'anat?] | je vais bien et toi? | i'm good, and you? | ez baş im, û tu?
GOOD AFTERNOON
طاب مسائك [tab masayik] | bonne après-midi | good afternoon | roj baş
WHAT IS YOUR NAME?
ما اسمك؟ [ma asmak?] | quel est ton nom? | what is your name? | navê te çi ye?
GOOD NIGHT
تصبح على خير [tusbih ealaa khayr] | bonne nuit | good night | şev baş
MY NAME IS…
اسمي ... | je m'appelle ... | my name is ... | navê min ...
WELCOME
أهلا بك ['ahlaan bik] | bienvenue | welcome | bi xêr hatî
NICE TO MEET YOU
تشرفت بمقابلتك [tasharafat bimuqabalatik] | ravi de vous rencontrer | nice to meet you | bi nasîna te kêfxweş im
GOODBYE
وداعا [wadaeaan] | au revoir | goodbye | bi xatirê te
DO YOU SPEAK ENGLISH?
هل تتحدث الانجليزية؟ [hal tatahadath alanjlyzia?] | parlez vous anglais? | do you speak english? | tu bi îngilîzî diaxivî?

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EMERGENCY CONTACTS

In case of an emergency, you can find the contact telephone number and phrases in all of the main spoken languages within that country. If using a smartphone, you can call immediately by pressing the button found within each revelant service
Ambulance
AMBULANCE
سياره اسعاف (sayaruh 'iiseaf) (arabic) | ambulance (french) | ambulance (english)

dial
113

Call Ambulance Service Now

Police
POLICE
شرطة (shurta) (arabic) | police (french) | police (english)

dial
112

Call Police Now

Fire
FIRE
نار (nar) (arabic) | feu (french) | fire (english)

dial
110

Call Fire Service Now


Interactive Map - Emergency

  USEFUL PHRASES | EMERGENCY

Common phrases and terms in the local language(s)
Gayther Useful Phrases - Emergency Services (500px)
EMERGENCY
حالة طوارئ [halat tawari] | urgence | emergency | acîlîyet
HELP ME
ساعدني [saeidni] | aidez moi | help me | alîkarîya min bike
WHERE IS THE NEAREST HOSPITAL?
أين هو أقرب مستشفى؟ ['ayn hu 'aqrab mustashfaa؟] | où est l'hôpital le plus proche? | where is the nearest hospital? | nexweşxaneya herî nêz li ku ye?
STOP
توقف [tawaquf] | arrêtez | stop | rawestan
WHERE IS THE NEAREST PHARMACY?
أين أقرب صيدلية ؟ ['ayn 'aqrab saydliatan ?] | où est la pharmacie la plus proche? | where is the nearest pharmacy? | dermanxaneya herî nêzîk li ku ye?
HOSPITAL
مستشفى [mustashfaa] | hôpital | hospital | nexweşxane
WHERE IS THE POLICE STATION?
أين مركز الشرطة؟ | ou est la station de police? | where is the police station? | qereqola polîs li ku ye?
When travelling, a non-native speaker of a language or when you cannot speak, communicating how you are thinking and feeling to a medical practitioner can be challenging. The medical diagnosis interpreter, also known as the MDI, is a free click and point solution where you can use literal translations for up to 89 different languages

USEFUL INFORMATION

TELEPHONE DIALLING CODE

963

INTERNET SUFFIX

.sy

LANGUAGES

Arabic, French, English, Kurdish (Kurmanji)

CURRENCY

NAME:
Syrian Pound
SYM:
£
DIVISION:
100 piasters

ELECTRICITY

VOLTS:
220
HERTZ:
50

ELECTRICAL PLUGS

NUMBER OF PLUG TYPES:
3
PLUGS USED:
Electricity Plug C Electricity Plug E Electricity Plug L

WHAT LANGUAGES ARE SPOKEN WHERE

It is estimated that there are over seven thousand languages and dialects spoken around the world. When travelling, it is important to find out what languages are spoken where, as well, as key phrases and terms in those languages. The Gayther Worldwide languages guide features all of the main languages spoken around the world, organised by country and region. Discover all things languages today

CLIMATE

Damascus

Weather information

Syria Climate Image
MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES
The average monthly temperatures are based on the recorded daily highs and lows for the given location
HIGH
The daily high temperatures are an average, based on the recorded high temperatures over many years
01| JAN
18.2°C | 64.7°F
02| FEB
18.1°C | 64.6°F
03| MAR
17.2°C | 62.9°F
04| APR
14.8°C | 58.6°F
05| MAY
13.4°C | 56.1°F
06| JUN
11.3°C | 52.4°F
07| JUL
10.5°C | 50.9°F
08| AUG
11.1°C | 52.0°F
09| SEP
12.1°C | 53.8°F
10| OCT
12.8°C | 55.1°F
11| NOV
14.2°C | 57.6°F
12| DEC
16.4°C | 61.5°F
LOW
The daily low temperatures are an average, based on the recorded lowest temperatures over many years
01| JAN
11.8°C | 53.3°F
02| FEB
11.6°C | 52.8°F
03| MAR
11.3°C | 52.4°F
04| APR
9.6°C | 49.2°F
05| MAY
8.3°C | 46.9°F
06| JUN
6.3°C | 43.4°F
07| JUL
5.7°C | 42.2°F
08| AUG
6.2°C | 43.2°F
09| SEP
6.8°C | 44.3°F
10| OCT
7.2°C | 44.9°F
11| NOV
8.1°C | 46.5°F
12| DEC
10.1°C | 50.1°F
SEASONS
Saisons (fr) | Jahreszeiten (de) | Estaciones (es) | Stagioni (it) | Seizoen (du) | Estação (pt)
Syria Season Image
Spring SeasonSPRING
Printemps (fr) | Frühling (de) | Primavera (es) | Primavera (it) | Lente (du) | Primavera (pt)
March-May
Summer SeasonSUMMER
Été (fr) | Sommer (de) | Verano (es) | Estate (it) | Zomer (du) | Verão (pt)
June-August
Autumn SeasonAUTUMN
Automne (fr) | Herbst (de) | Otoño (es) | Autunno (it) | Herfst (du) | Outono (pt)
September-November
Winter SeasonWINTER
Hiver (fr) | Winter (de) | Invierno (es) | Inverno (it) | Winter (du) | Inverno (pt)
November-February
Interactive Map - Instructions

  USEFUL PHRASES | INSTRUCTIONS

Common phrases and terms in the local language(s)
Gayther Useful Phrases - Instructions (500px)
INSTRUCTIONS
YES
نعم فعلا [nem fielaan] | oui | yes | erê
EXCUSE ME
عفوا [efu] | excusez-moi | excuse me | min bibore
NO
لا [la] | non | no | na
PLEASE
رجاء [raja'] | s'il vous plaît | please | ji kerema xwe ve
NO, THANK YOU
لا شكرا لك | non, merci | no, thank you | na, spas
SORRY
معذرة [maedhira] | pardon | sorry | bibore
MAYBE
يمكن [yumkin] | peut être | maybe | belkî
THANK YOU
شكرا [shukraan] | je vous remercie | thank you | spas dikim

TIMEZONE

LAST UPDATED:  Oct 11,2022

TIMEZONE

UTC+2 (Asia/Damascus)

DST APPLIES

Yes
  DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME (DST)
2023
STARTS
Mar 31, 2023
ENDS
Oct 27, 2023
2024
STARTS
Mar 29, 2024
ENDS
Oct 25, 2024

DST ADJUSTMENT

Forward one hour

DST TIMEZONE

UTC+3 (Asia/Damascus)

Gayther Resources

  TRAVEL INSPIRED ARTICLES

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  FUN & GAMES

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TRAVEL RELATED

AIRPORT STATISTICS

TOTAL NUMBER OF AIRPORTS

7
TOTAL NUMBER OF HELIPORTS

0
TOTAL NUMBER OF SEAPLANE BASES

0

DRIVING

Syria Driving Image
DRIVE ON WHICH SIDE
Right
INTERNATIONAL DRIVING LICENCE REQUIRED
Required
Interactive Map - Travel Section Icon

LOCAL AIRPORTS

Discover the leading international and regional airports in Syria. The main airport's section highlights the largest or busiest airports in any country. Each airport featured provides information such as the airport's name, identifier, location and links to google maps, what3words and Gayther's transport tool. The Gayther Transport tool features thousands of airports, train and metro stations, cruise ports and much more. Click on the search button to find all of the airports available on the tool

Interactive Map - Directions

  USEFUL PHRASES | DIRECTIONS & GUIDANCE

Common phrases and terms in the local language(s)
Gayther Useful Phrases - Directions (500px)
DIRECTIONS AND GUIDANCE
التوجيهات والإرشادات | directions et conseils | directions and guidance | rêwerz û rêbername
HOW DO I GET THERE?
كيف أصل إلى هناك؟ [kayf 'asl 'iilaa hunak?] | comment puis-je y arriver? | how do i get there? | ez çawa digihêm wê derê?
HOW MUCH IS THAT?
كم ثمن ذلك؟ [kam thaman dhilkan?] | combien cela coûte-t-il? | how much is that? | ew çiqase?
HOW FAR IS IT?
كم يبعد؟ [kam yabaeda?] | a quelle distance est-ce? | how far is it? | çiqas dûr e?
DO YOU ACCEPT CREDIT CARDS?
هل تقبل بطاقات الائتمان؟ [hal tuqbal bitaqat alaitiman?] | acceptez-vous les cartes de crédit? | do you accept credit cards? | hûn qertên krediyê qebûl dikin?
WHERE IS THE BATHROOM?
أين الحمام؟ ['ayn alhamam?] | où se trouvent les toilettes? | where is the bathroom? | hemam li kû ye?
I'M NOT INTERESTED
أنا لست مهتم | ça ne m'intéresse pas | i'm not interested | ez ne eleqedar im
WHERE IS THE CLOSEST RESTAURANT?
أين هو أقرب مطعم؟ ['ayn hu 'aqrab mateam?] | où est le restaurant le plus proche? | where is the closest restaurant? | restorana herî nêz li ku ye?
I DON'T UNDERSTAND
أنا لا أفهم ['ana la 'afham] | je ne comprends pas | i don't understand | ez fam nakim
HOW MUCH DO I OWE YOU?
بكم أنا مدين لك؟ [bikum 'ana madyan lak?] | combien je te dois? | how much do i owe you? | ez çiqas deyndarê te me?

LGBTQIA+ RELATED

LGBTQIA+ Terms

learn the literal translations of key LGBTQIA+ terms in the local languages/dialects
Lesbian Flag
Lesbian
مثليه [mithlayh] (arabic) | lesbienne (french) | lesbian (english)
Gay Flag
Gay
مثلي الجنس [mithli aljins] (arabic) | gay (french) | gay (english)
Bisexual Flag
Bisexual
ثنائي الجنس [thunayiyin aljins] (arabic) | bisexuel (french) | bisexual (english)
Transgender Flag
Transgender
المتحولين جنسيا (arabic) | transgenres (french) | transgender (english)
Intersex Flag
Intersex
الخنثى (arabic) | intersexe (french) | intersex (english)
Asexual Flag
Asexual
عديم الجنس (arabic) | asexué (french) | asexual (english)
Questioning Flag
Questioning
استجواب (arabic) | interrogatoire (french) | questioning (english)
Community Flag
Community
تواصل اجتماعي [tuasil aijtimaeiun] (arabic) | communauté (french) | community (english)
Gender Flag
Gender
متعلق بنوع الجنس (arabic) | lié au genre (french) | gender related (english)
Sexuality Flag
Sexuality
ذات الصلة بالجنس (arabic) | relatif à la sexualité (french) | sexuality related (english)
Non-Bingary Flag
Non-Binary
غير ثنائي (arabic) | non binaire (french) | non-binary (english)
Queer Flag
Queer
مثلي (arabic) | queer (french) | queer (english)
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IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER: The information displayed on this page is for illustrative purposes only and does not constitute advice. It is essential that before travelling that you independently establish information relating specifically to your requirements and circumstances. Though we endeavour to keep all information across the site updated, we do not guarantee the accuracy and completeness of any information displayed. The languages and terms featured on this page are literal translations and have not been validated or verified. The service is provided free of charge, and by using it, you accept that you are doing so at your own risk. This page may contain external links to third party websites; Gayther provides these links for your convenience and does not endorse, warrant or recommend any particular products or services. By clicking on any external links, you will leave Gayther and be taken to the third-party website, which you do so at your own risk and by accessing the site, you will be required to comply with the external third party’s terms and conditions of use and privacy policies. If you believe any of the information contained within this page is incorrect, please report this guide using the option found on this page or by clicking here
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